Aguaje – Most commonly seen in Peru’s Amazon regions, Aguaje is, like Camu Camu or acai, a superfruit just waiting to be discovered. It comes from the Moriche palm, native to the Peruvian Amazon. It’s similar in size to an egg and covered in purple scales, which when removed reveal a bright yellow-orange flesh that surrounds a large seed. Aguaje pulp is extremely rich in essential fatty acids and has a high Vitamin a and C content. Use: juices, jams, ice creams, desserts, cocktails.
Lucuma – Everyone who tastes lucuma, the Peruvian eggfruit as it is sometimes called, falls in love with it. The flavor is sort of a caramel custard or pumpkin and the texture is rather dry and paste like, but can easily become creamy. Lucuma grows at altitudes above 1,000 meters up to 2400 meters. It has an ovoid shape of about 5 to 8 cm long, green yellowish color when ripe. Pealing its thin skin reveals a dry and starchy orange-yellow flesh. Because lucuma doesn’t keep well after picked, export outside of Peru or Chile is rare except in the form of pulp and powder. Use: Ice cream, cakes, cocktails, yogurt, or pasta noodles.
3. Camu camu
Camu Camu – Peru’s hottest fruit. The small red berry (it resembles a cherry) is extremely high in vitamin C Camu Camu fruit is Peru’s answer to Brazil’s acai. Imagine a blend of a lime, cherry, and a grapefruit and that’s the flavor of camu camu fruit.
Use: juices, jams, desserts, sauces, natural medicines.
Sauco – Called Elderberry in English, Sauco is native to the Andes. It’s rich in vitamins C and antioxidants. It’s most commonly seen in marmalades or on cheesecake in Peru. Use: In desserts (especially cheesecake), in cocktails, in marmalades, as a sauce for lamb and other meats.
Tumbo – Part of the passion fruit family, tumbo is anorange, banana shaped fruit. Inside of the tumbo there is a passion fruit-like cluster of black seeds and pulp that’s enclosed by a firm yellow skin. Normally tumbos are acidic and tart, therefore rarely eaten raw. Use: juices, jams, ice cream, cocktails, or as an alternative for lime in ceviche.
Cocona – Cocona is sometimes called the Amazonian Tomoato, or the tree tomato. Native to Amazon regions of Peru, the tropical citrus fruit tastes somewhere between a lime and a tomato. Use: Juice, cocktails, jams, ceviche, soups, mixed with aji charapita in a sauce.
7. Peru Lemon
Peruvian Lime – Considering Peruvian cuisine is catching on outside of Peru, one of its most important ingredients is the Peruvian Lime, native to the northern coast of the country (sometimes called the Piuran lime).Only around 3 to 4 cm, the Peruvian lime is highly acidic and quite sour. It’s closest in comparison to the Key lime. Use: Cebiche, pisco sours, sauces, desserts (especially pies).
Chirimoya – Chirimoya (sometimes spelled Cherimoya) is called the Custard Apple in English. It’s native to the Andes, heart shaped with a tough skin that changes from light green to dark green. The inside flesh is white and creamy, almost custard like, with big dark seeds. Peach, pineapple, and banana are all flavors it evokes. Use: In pies, mousse, or sauces with fish.
Aguaymanto – Aguaymanto, aka Tomatito Silvestre, Tomatillo, Capulí or in the US, Peruvian cherry or cape gooseberry. The fruit grows in high altitudes and has been cultivated since Inca times. It has a sweet and sour taste and a pleasant flavor and is high in Vitamin A, B and C and is believed to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Use: In desserts, jams, cocktails, sauces with fish.
26 January 2011 by Nicholas Gill in Amazon Peru